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Bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide in patients with genotypic NRTI resistance

Background

Bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) is approved for treatment of HIV without known resistance to its components. Several studies have demonstrated efficacy of B/F/TAF in patients with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) resistance-associated mutations (RAMs), mainly identified by proviral DNA testing, but data on the efficacy of B/F/TAF in patients with NRTI RAMs identified in viraemic plasma are limited.

Methods

We used a retrospective analysis of patients receiving B/F/TAF identified by searching electronic health records with eligibility confirmed by review of individual patient records. Patients included were ≥ 18 years, had 2019 International Antiviral Socitey-USA (IAS-USA) major RAMs affecting NRTIs detected in viraemic plasma prior to starting B/F/TAF and one or more HIV viral load (VL) after starting B/F/TAF.

Results

In all, 50 patients met the study criteria: mean age of 54 years, mean proximal CD4 count of 609 cells/μL, 64% male. A total of 46 were virologically suppressed (< 200 copies/mL) when B/F/TAF was initiated, two were treatment-naïve, one stopped prior antiretroviral therapy (ART) and one had a VL of 961 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL on ART. Twenty-nine had one NRTI RAM (24 were M184V/I), nine had two NRTI RAMs, three had three NRTI RAMs, four had four NRTI RAMs, two had five NRTI RAMs, one had six NRTI RAMs, one had seven RAMs and one had eight NRTI RAMs. At the last VL on B/F/TAF, a mean of 18.6 months after starting B/F/TAF, 49 out of 50 had VL < 100 copies/mL and one had a VL of 208 copies/mL at 11 months but only filled 5 months of B/F/TAF.

Conclusions

B/F/TAF was effective in maintaining HIV VL suppression in patients with previously documented NRTI RAMs without integrase resistance.

Auteur(s) : Shafran, S. D., & al.