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Possible Alterations in Appetite-related Molecules After the Elimination of Hepatitis C Virus

Abstract

Background/Aim: Recent advances in antiviral treatment have achieved a sustained viral response (SVR) in over 95% of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. HCV elimination is suggested to improve several lifestyle-related factors; however, few studies have focused on dietary habit-/appetite-related factors. Patients and Methods: HCV-infected patients who received Daclatasvir/Asnaprevir (DCV/ASV) therapy were enrolled, and the changes in appetite-related molecules after antiviral therapy were assessed with a multiple cytokine-measuring system. Results: Among 119 HCV-infected patients who received DCV/ASV treatment, 104 (87.3%) achieved an SVR. In the SVR group, DCV/ASV treatment improved several liver-related variables at 24 weeks after the completion of therapy. In patients with an SVR, the values of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and leptin were significantly increased at 24 weeks after completing direct-acting antiviral therapy. However, no significant change was observed in non-SVR patients, regardless of the receipt of direct-acting antiviral treatment. Conclusion: Gastrointestinal hormones related to the dietary habit and/or appetite may be influenced by HCV elimination.

Auteur(s) : Shimono, Y., et al.