Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been dramatically improved with the introduction of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Universal access to pangenotypic DAAs was provided in France from 2017, expanding the type of patients treated. Real-world studies are important to confirm effectiveness and safety in clinical practice, particularly in vulnerable populations.
To assess real-world effectiveness and safety of sofosbuvir-based therapy in adults with chronic HCV infection before and after universal access to DAAs in France.
This multicenter, non-interventional, prospective study assessed the effectiveness, safety, patient-reported outcomes and adherence with sofosbuvir-based regimens from October 2015 to July 2016 (Period 1: sofosbuvir-based therapy excluding sofosbuvir/velpatasvir) and from October 2017 to July 2018 (Period 2: pangenotypic sofosbuvir/velpatasvir-based therapy).
Baseline data were documented for 1029 patients. Overall, 797 (77%) had sustained virologic response data available ≥ 9 weeks after treatment completion. Per protocol response was high (97%) irrespective of age, alcohol consumption, recreational drug use, or HIV/HCV coinfection. Adverse events occurred in approximately 25% of patients with the majority experiencing Grade 1 or 2 events. Sofosbuvir-based regimens improved health-related quality of life from baseline to end of treatment in patients with data at all timepoints. Overall, 99% of patients reported total or almost total adherence to therapy.
Sofosbuvir-based therapy, including pangenotypic sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, is effective for the treatment of HCV in real-world clinical practice. This is an important step towards HCV elimination.