Date de publication

29 décembre 2019

Auteur(s)

Lok, AS., Sulkowski, MS. et al

Description

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Treatment options are limited for patients with hepatitis C (HCV) infection with treatment failure after sofosbuvir plus an NS5A inhibitor. There are some data for the efficacy of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P) in these patients. We performed a randomized trial of the safety and efficacy of 12 and 16 weeks of G/P, with or without ribavirin, in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection with treatment failure after sofosbuvir and an NS5A inhibitor.

METHODS:

We performed a phase 3b, open-label study of patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection who received previous treatment with sofosbuvir plus an NS5A inhibitor. Patients without cirrhosis were randomly assigned to groups that received G/P for 12 weeks (n = 78, group A) or 16 weeks (n = 49, group B). Patients with compensated cirrhosis were randomly assigned to groups that received G/P and ribavirin for 12 weeks (n = 21, group C) or G/P for 16 weeks (n = 29, group D). The primary end point was a sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment. Samples collected at baseline and at time of treatment failure were sequenced for resistance-associated substitutions in NS3 and NS5A.

RESULTS:

Of the 177 patients in the 4 groups, 81% were men, 79% had HCV genotype 1a infection, and 44% were black. Proportions of patients with sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment in groups A, B, C, and D were 90%, 94%, 86%, and 97%, respectively. The treatment failed in 13 (7.3%) patients with HCV genotype 1a infection, 6 (7.9%) in group A, 3 (6.1%) in group B, 3 (6.1%) in group C (6.1%), and 1 (3.4%) in group D. Most patients had baseline resistance-associated substitutions in NS5A. Treatment-emergent resistance-associated substitutions in NS3 and NS5A were observed in 9 and 10 patients with treatment failure, respectively. G/P was well tolerated. Ribavirin increased adverse events but did not increase efficacy.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a randomized study of patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection who received previous treatment with sofosbuvir plus an NS5A inhibitor, 16 weeks treatment with G/P produced sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment in >90% of patients, including those with compensated cirrhosis.